A chemical alternatives assessment is a systematic method of evaluating chemicals currently in use or to be used, and determining whether safer chemical options exist whose use will reduce potential impacts to human health and the environment. A detailed example of an alternative assessment procedure has been created by BizNGO, and is accessible via the link below.

BizNGO Chemical Alternatives Assessment Protocol

Chemical Alternatives Assessment – Good Practices

Examples of Safer Chemical Alternatives


When conducting your alternatives assessment, it is important to identify and evaluate all potential hazards of alternative chemicals to ensure that:

  • The overall negative impacts of the alternative are quantifiably reduced (i.e. worker exposure, waste generation, etc.)
  • Any remaining risks are managed appropriately.

Relevant Higg Index Facility Environment Module (FEM) 3.0 indicators:

Chemicals Management – Level 2: Questions 17, 19, 20

Clean Production Action Green Screen®

chemsec SIN list

US Environmental Protection Agency DfE guidance

US Occupational Safety and Health Administration – Transitioning to Safer Chemicals

Washington State Department of Ecology – The Quick Chemical Assessment Tool

SUBSSPORT – Substitution support Portal


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